what is the Identity?

Identity Definition

What is the deeper meaning of identity?

The peoples of the world have been keen from the beginning of humanity until today, to preserve their social, national, and cultural distinction and uniqueness. Therefore, they have been keen on having an identity that helps elevate individuals in societies. From one another, identity is an integral part of the formation of individuals from their birth until their departure from life.

The existence of the idea of ​​identity contributed to the expression of a set of characteristics of individuals' personalities; Because identity adds to the individual individuality and personality, as it is the image that reflects his culture, language, belief, civilization, and history, and also contributes to building bridges of communication between all individuals, whether within their societies, or with societies that differ from them partially, or depending on the language. Culture, or thought, or a complete difference in all fields without exception.

Identity definition 

Identity is defined in language as a term that is derived from the pronoun is; Its meaning is the characteristics of the human being and his truth, and it is also used to refer to the features and characteristics that characterize the individual personality, as for idiomatically, identity is defined as a set of characteristics that individuals possess, and contributes to making them achieve the characteristic of uniqueness from others, and this common-sense may be among others. Whether within society or the state. Another of the definitions of the term identity is that it is everything that is shared between members of a specific group, or a social stratum, that contributes to building a general environment for a state. Those individuals are dealt with according to their own identity.

Types of identity

Identity is divided into a group of types, and each type of identity contributes to indicating a term or a specific idea about something, and among the most important types of identity:

  • National identity: It is the identity that is used to refer to the homeland of the individual, which is defined through the ID card that contains a set of information and data that distinguishes the individual who belongs to a country.
  • Cultural Identity: It is the identity that is related to the concept of culture in which a society is distinguished, and which depends directly on language. As cultural identity is characterized by its transmission of the nature of language as one of the main factors in building the culture of individuals in society.
  • Age identity: It is the identity that contributes to the classification of individuals according to their age and is divided into childhood, youth, masculinity, and adulthood, and it is usually used to refer to people in certain situations, such as receiving medical treatments.
The contents of the identity card: 
The contents of the identity card are a set of indicators and features related to identity that contribute to its classification according to many internationally known classifications. The following indicators are usually used in the design and formulation of the identity card:

  • Personal (basic) information: it is all the information related to the owner of the identity; It includes the quarter name in the official language of the country, and a secondary language, is used, and the place and date of birth
  • Religion information: It is the information that indicates the religion to which the owner of the identity belongs, and sometimes it may include the religious community in some countries of the world.
  • Place of residence: It is the place in which the owner of the ID resides.
  • Profession: It is the work of the owner of the ID, and he may be on the job, a student, or a retired person
Cases of identity:

 Identity states are a group of cases that the psychologist Erikson formulated around the general concept of identity, and they are divided into four states: Namely:

  • Identity realization: It is the individual's perception of their own individual identity, which aims at self-esteem, respect for personal qualities, and an increase in general productivity in society.
  • The suspension of identity: It is the suffering of some individuals with a crisis in their individual identity; As they lose any ability to recognize their own identity due to exposure to psychological disorders.
  • Identity blocking: It is a condition that affects individuals when some things are imposed on them, such as the type of clothing, school specialization, or bedtime, which leads to their lack of a sense of their own identity.
  • Dissolution of identity: it is a condition that results from a lack of understanding of identity. It is the result of individuals being subjected to persecution and injustice resulting from ill-treatment, especially during childhood, which leads to the disintegration of the identity.

Factors affecting identity building:

 There are a set of factors that affect the construction of identity in individuals: Among the most important of them are: 

  • Society: It is the first factor affecting the construction of identity. The society contributes to building and shaping the identity of individuals based on the nature of the environment surrounding them, and individuals are affected by the behaviors of previous generations, whether in the family, neighborhood, or society in general, and it contributes to building their own individual identity, and helps them understand it in a clearer way.
  • Belonging: is the attachment to the place that depends on the role of identity in promoting its concept. The individual belongs to the state in which he lives, is considered a citizen of it, and has rights and duties regulated by the provisions of the constitution, and accordingly, identity is a means of strengthening this affiliation among individuals and groups.
There are many definitions of identity, and each definition aims to convey a set of ideas and information that reflect its nature, and identity has a group of types. Such as the national identity, cultural identity, and age, and each of these types contributes to conveying a specific image of the characteristics and its components. The official identity card issued by government agencies in the countries is also distinguished by a set of its own contents, which contribute to the identification of most of its owner. Individuals may be exposed to one of the cases of identity, and they must know the proper ways to deal with it and understand its content. There are a set of factors that affect the construction of identity in general for individuals.

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