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Irritable bowel syndrome, or what is known as irritable bowel syndrome, is defined as a disorder that affects the digestive system, especially the large intestine. There are a number of symptoms and signs, and Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a chronic disease, and it is worth noting that some people with IBS can control the symptoms associated with it by paying attention to the diet and lifestyle followed, in addition to reducing exposure to stress, but if these symptoms are severe, it is possible to resort to treatment with medication.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

 There are three forms of symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome, which depend on their differences from each other on the excretory habits of the sufferer: Alternating constipation and diarrhea). Some symptoms related to IBS may appear when exposed to stress, or following a certain diet, lack of sleep, or some changes in the bacteria in the intestine, and these symptoms include:

Flatulence: The occurrence of bloating and increased gases is one of the most common and bothersome symptoms.

 Feeling of pain: It is the most common and important symptom for diagnosing the disease, and it is in the form of a feeling of pain or cramps in the abdomen, especially in the lower part of the abdomen, where the digestive process is regulated by a number of hormones, signals, and nerves, which are produced by the beneficial bacteria in the intestine, but In IBS, these signals are affected and painful spasms result in the muscles of the digestive system. 

Diarrhea: a third of people with IBS suffer from diarrhea. 

Constipation: is often the incidence of constipation is a symptom of irritable bowel syndrome, which affects 50% of people with IBS, as well as accompanied by abdominal pain, which results from slowing bowel movement, which increases the absorption of water from digested material, make movement more difficult. 

Food intolerance: where 70% of IBS patients indicate the presence of some foods that lead to the emergence or increase of some symptoms, and these foods may differ from one person to another, but there are some common foods among the sufferers, Such as; Foods that contain lactose or gluten, or foods that cause an increase in stomach gases, and therefore it is advised that the person with IBS keep warm and stay away from foods that harm him.

Fatigue and difficulty sleeping: Half of the people with IBS suffer from a feeling of fatigue and exhaustion, and irritable bowel syndrome leads to insomnia, which is represented by difficulty sleeping, or frequent waking up at night, and thus not getting enough sleep. 

Anxiety and depression: Feeling stress and depression are associated with Irritable Bowel Syndrome, so that each affects the other, and each increases the symptoms of the other.

Causes of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

 The reasons that lead to Irritable Bowel Syndrome are not clear to this day, as it is not an infectious disease, nor is it linked to cancerous growth, but there are a number of factors associated with the occurrence of Irritable Bowel Syndrome, including:

  • The life factors surrounding the injured.
  •  Genetic factors.
  •  Hormones; As hormonal changes lead to worsening symptoms, and for this reason, the severity of the disease in women is greater, especially at times of the menstrual cycle.
  • The sensitivity of the organs of the digestive system.
  •  Body response to infection; The body may give an unusual response to some infection, for example; The infection of gastroenteritis may lead to the infection of irritable bowel syndrome. 
  • There is an imbalance in the muscles that transport food through the body. 
  • The inability of the nervous system to control the digestive system well.

Triggers for Irritable Bowel Syndrome
There are some triggers that may increase the problem of Irritable Bowel Syndrome, so it is advisable to track them and try to avoid them. The following are a number of the most important of these triggers:

Foods: Some foods affect some of the symptoms associated with IBS, and these foods differ according to the type of Irritable Bowel Syndrome that a person suffers from, and the following is an explanation:

  1.  Prevailing constipation pattern; There are some foods that stimulate the occurrence of constipation and exacerbate its severity, including bread, refined grains, processed foods, coffee, soft drinks, alcoholic beverages, diets rich in protein, and dairy products. The prevailing pattern of diarrhea; As eating large amounts of food, in general, may stimulate the occurrence of diarrhea, and it should be noted that there are some foods that may increase the severity of Irritable Bowel Syndrome from 
  2. the prevailing pattern of diarrhea, including foods rich in fiber, chocolate, drinks that contain caffeine, and alcohol, Foods containing fructose, or sorbitol, as well as soft drinks, high-fat foods, fried foods, and dairy products; Especially in individuals who suffer from the inability to digest milk sugar, that is, lactose intolerance, as well as foods containing wheat; If the person suffers from a wheat allergy.

 Anxiety and tension: As exposure to anxiety and stress exacerbates the symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome, as mentioned previously. 

Medicines: There are some medicines that may trigger constipation or diarrhea, such as; Antibiotics, some antidepressants, and medicines that contain sorbitol, such as Cough medicine.

 Hormonal changes: Women with Irritable Bowel Syndrome account for twice the number of men who suffer from it, and this matter is due to the hormonal changes that occur on women as mentioned previously, and for this reason, taking doses of the hormone estrogen part of the treatment with hormones replacement therapy increases the persistence of IBS when undergoing treatment.

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