Definition of freedom

What is the meaning of human freedom?

what is the freedom


Freedom is considered a requirement and a life necessity that the individual's life is not corrected without its existence. It is not just a word that people use in their conversations, but rather it occupies a large part of the human mind and thinking. They are of invaluable and sacred human value, and for their sake, wars were fought over time. Freedom has several concepts that differ according to the angle from which the term itself is viewed. In the view of Islam, for example, the concept of freedom differs from its concept in the West, so what does freedom mean, and what is the difference in its concept in Islam and the West, how did it originate, and what are the types of freedoms in general?

Definition of freedom
Defining freedom as language

Defining freedom is a language It was stated in the dictionary (Lettre) that freedom is (the status of a non- possessed person), but legally it is the ability of individuals to practice the activities they want without coercion, provided that they submit to the laws that regulate society. And freedom in the language is according to what was stated in the lexicon. Al-Arab: (The word free from everything is: the liberation, the best and the most correct, and the free thing: everything is luxurious, and in deeds: it is the good deed, and the free people: their good and virtuous).

Defining freedom idiomatically 
The definitions of the term freedom varied according to different sects, but it was mentioned in the Declaration of Human Rights issued in 1789 AD as: (The right of the individual to do what does not harm others), and freedom in Islam is: Abuse or aggression), and in the West it is: (Going without restriction, liberating from every officer, and getting rid of all control, even if that censorship stemmed from himself).

The difference in freedom in Islam and the West

Freedom in Islam Was associated with the concept of freedom in Islam the concept of commissioning, God has created man in God and the advantage of the mind conscious Akadiraly choice of his words and deeds, and act full of his own, God made man free and responsible at the same time, the Almighty said: (I have created human sperm gametes Neptlah Fjalnah Hearer Seer * Verily Hdenah way either grateful or ungrateful), he also said: (God does cost breath only can her what earned, and it gained), the Muslim scholars focused in the past on the concept of commissioning without focusing on freedom of humanity, but Islam Freedom was not neglectedHumanity; The basic principle is that the human being is free to be charged and responsible, so a person can't be charged without being free.

So, the human being has no value without freedom. It is one of his rights, and without it, a person cannot practice his work, and it is the property that distinguishes the speaking organism from other beings, for he is sane, and his actions emanate from his own will. Free Man is not a slave or captive, and evidence to maximize Islam freedom that he made the free mind is the way to realize the existence of God, the Almighty said: ( There is no compulsion in the religion of majority has found canceled). Thus, faith in God lies in persuasion, which is associated with the freedom of human choice, and what the function of the prophets and apostles, but the call statement and without coercion, he says: ( and say the truth from your Lord, so whoever wishes, let him believe and whoever wishes disbelieve),

The emergence of freedom

Origin is due to the term freedom to the Latin word (Liber), which means the human ability to move and act and do any work the existence of a minimum of restrictions, this term is the first time the issuance of a decree appeared from the ruling Sardis which approved the granting of freedom of religious Christians, and then another term appeared once in Constantine with the decree of Milan in 313 AD, when it was mentioned from the Catholic Church: (Man was created free, but he abused freedom when he ate one of the fruits of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil).

The scope of freedoms in different schools

The freedom of the public concept known many of the doctrines relating to them, and therefore, determine the nature of the doctrine prevailing in the country helps us to know the extent of public freedoms allowed or narrowness and most important of these doctrines:

  • Individualism: This doctrine, in turn, emphasizes individual freedom, and the individual is the most essential element of the system, and the ruling authority is responsible for achieving safety as if it were the traffic policemen who regulate the traffic.
  • Socialist doctrine: The socialist doctrine sanctifies the group, and the individual has nothing but a tool for achieving the goals of power at the individual and collective levels.
  • The partial intervention doctrine: It is a doctrine that takes a moderate stance between the two previous schools.

Faces of freedom

Freedom has three faces: a positive aspect that expresses behavior independently and spontaneously, and a negative aspect that rejects the negative practices of some, such as slavery and the coercion of individuals to do actions that they do not desire, and a relative aspect that combines the positive and the negative, and it is based on the basis that the person can rise As desired, provided that it does not conflict with morals, laws, and general regulations in accordance with the constitutional law, and that it does not cause harm to others according to Article IV of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Types of freedoms in general A distinction can be made in public between two kinds of freedom, namely:

  • Freedom of implementation: means the individual's ability to act or abstain from it, without being subject to any external pressure.
  • The freedom to design: means the individual's ability to choose and achieve what he wants without being subject to the influence of his inner whims and motives, which in turn limit the freedom to design.

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